What is a World Heritage?
A World Heritage is a special place, site or area on our planet. In 1972, a United Nations organisation called UNESCO created a tool for choosing what World Heritage should be protected. One example of a World Heritage site is the pyramids in Egypt.
There are three different kinds of World Heritage:cultural heritage, natural heritage and mixed heritage, which is a mixture of the other two.25 of the World Heritage sites cross borders, which means they are in two or more countries.
The High Coast became a World Heritage site in the year 2000 for having the world’s biggest land uplift after the Ice Age.
The High Coast World Heritage Site
20 000 years ago it was the Ice Age and a thick layer of ice formed over all of the Nordic region.The ice cover was thickest over the High Coast – 3 km thick, in fact!The heavy ice pressed down the land underneath.Then the weather became warmer and the ice began to melt.As this happened, the ground slowly started to rise.
10 500 years ago, the ice had melted so much that the High Coast was covered in water.Above the surface of the water there were small islands, and these are today’s hilltops.These are called till-capped hills.
7 000 years ago, the ice was all gone.The land rose even higher and new islands came above the water surface.
Since then, the land has risen another 100 metres to create the land we see today –steep hills, deep bays and an archipelago of high islands.The land is now rising 8 mm per year. So what is land today was once the bottom of the sea.
The land will continue to rise but slower and slower.
There are many traces in the landscape of the High Coast showing that the land has risen.
Experience the High Coast
The High Coast World Heritage site has 12 unique places that you can visit.Each of these places shows one or more traces of the Ice Age and land uplift.
An island with a hostel and a lighthouse.The island has a shingle field, caves and lovely views of the sea.
Along the road to the top, you can see a wall from a very old fortress.
There is a large shingle field in Norrfällsviken.The stone in the rocks is called Nordingrå granite. This rock is red and is typical of the High Coast.
Skuleberget has the highest bit of coastline at 286 metres.At the foot of the mountain is Naturum, a visitor centre for those who want to visit the High Coast World Heritage site.
On Högklinten you can enjoy views shaped by the sea, land uplift and the Ice Age.
Skagsudde is a measuring point for the continuing land uplift.
The National Park has several traces of the land uplift.
An island with steep cliffs.There is a harbour here that is no longer by the sea, because of the land uplift.
Sörleviken bay is slowly being cut off from the sea.
Ulvön island has clear traces of the land rising.You can see the fishing huts that are moving further and further from the beach.
From the viewing point, you can see how the land uplift have turned Trångsundet bay into a lake that is no longer connected to the sea.
Three islands have become one thanks to the land uplift.There are many traces of the land uplift here.